Dealing in Dogs
For most of us dogs are our companions, our friends, our furry family members but for many other dogs are no more than a product, a commodity, things to be bred and sold; sold as pets, sold as breeding stock, sold as victims of experimentation and more. For many of these wonderful loving creatures, their life is a living hell and this is something many of us work every day to put an end to. It’s also something that many people don’t even realize.
Here’s a bit of an education for you written by my dear friend Caroline from Saving Furry Friends; take heed and learn about Class B Dealers….
WHAT IS A CLASS B DEALER:
Animals used by laboratories for testing purposes are largely supplied by dealers who specialize in the trade. These include breeders who supply purpose-bred animals; businesses that trade in wild animals; and dealers who supply animals sourced from pounds, auctions, and newspaper ads. Animal shelters may also supply the laboratories directly. Some animal dealers are reported to engage in kidnapping pets from residences or illegally trapping strays, a practice dubbed as bunching.
The customers of animal dealers are universities, medical and veterinary schools, and companies that provide contract animal-testing services
Class A Dealers
Class A breeders are licensed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to sell animals bred specifically for research.
Class B Dealers
Class B dealers are licensed by the USDA to buy animals from “random sources.” This refers to animals who were not purpose-bred or raised on the dealers’ property. Animals from “random sources” come from auctions, pound seizure, newspaper ads, and a small number may be stolen pets or illegally trapped strays.
Animals are also sold directly to laboratories by shelters. According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), Iowa, Minnesota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Utah require publicly funded shelters to surrender animals to any Class B dealer who asks for them.Fourteen states prohibit the practice, and the remainder either have no relevant legislation, or permit the practice in certain circumstances.
According to a paper presented to the American Society of Criminology in 2006, an illegal economy in the theft of pets, mostly dogs, has emerged in the U.S. in recent years, with the thieves known as “bunchers.” The bunchers sell the animals to Class B animal dealers, who pay $25 per animal. The dealers then sell the animals to universities, medical and veterinary schools, and companies providing animal-testing services. Lawrence Salinger and Patricia Teddlie of Arkansas State University told the conference that these institutions pay up to $500 for a stolen animal, who is often accompanied by forged documents and fake health certificates. Salinger and Teddlie argue that the stolen animals may affect research results, because they come from unknown backgrounds and have an uncertain health profile. Conversely the Foundation for Biomedical Research claim that pets being stolen for animal research is largely an urban myth and that the majority of stolen dogs are most likely used for dog fighting.
The largest Class B dealer in dogs in the U.S. was investigated for bunching by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 2005. Chester C. Baird, of Martin Creek Kennels and Pat’s Pine Tree Farms in Willifore, Arkansas, lost his license after being convicted of 100 counts of animal abuse and neglect, and of stealing pets for laboratories and forging documentation. The criminal charges were filed after an eight-year investigation by an animal protection group, Last Chance for Animals. The group filmed over 72 hours of undercover video at Martin Creek Kennels, which included footage of dogs being shot. In 2006, HBO produced Dealing Dogs, a documentary film based on this footage.
Baird’s customers included the University of Missouri, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and Oregon State University. Missouri was experiencing such a high rate of pet theft that animal protection groups had dubbed it the “Steal Me State,” according to the Humane Society of the United States. Last Chance for Animals estimates that around two million pets are stolen in the U.S. each year.
Dealers in the European Union
Animal dealers in the European Union (EU) are governed by Council Directive 86/609/EEC. This directive sets forth specific requirements regulating the supply and breeding of animals intended for use by testing facilities within the EU. The directive defines ‘breeding establishment’ as a facility engaged in breeding animals for their use in experiments, and ‘supplying establishment’ as a facility other than a breeding establishment, which supplies animals for experiments.
Article 15 of the directive requires supplying establishments to obtain animals only from approved breeding or other supplying establishments, “unless the animal has been lawfully imported and is not a feral or stray animal.” Nonetheless, the directive allows exemptions from this sourcing requirement “under arrangements determined by the authority.”
Animal rights supporters have raised concerns that these rules allow strays and pets to be used for experimentation, either by exemptions or by importing animals from non-EU countries, where the rules may be more lax.
Names to be WARY of for Rescuers
Alleged Random Source Class B – Dog and Cat Dealers
Random Source Dog and Cat Dealers
John Pesnell, Pesnell Kennels (Arab)
86-B-0050 Ranaco Corporation DBA: Delta Biologicals* (Tucson)
C. C. and Jeanette Baird, Martin Creek Kennels (Williford)
Glenn Lawton, Team Associates (Dayville)
Michael Cooper, Triple C Farms (St. Joseph)
Gene Clark, Salt Creek Kennel (Trafalgar);
John and Mark Lynch, LBL Kennels (Reelsville)USDA LIC #32-B-0045
Dennis and Toots Conrad, Conrad Livestock (Keota)
Mountain Top Kennels USDA LIC # 61-B-0124 Wallingford, Kentucky
Fred Hodgins, Hodgins Kennels (Howell); USDA LIC #34-B-0002
Mark Ulrich, Cheri-Hill Kennel and Supply (Stanwood); USDA LIC # 34-B-0178
Roberta and James Woudenberg, R&R Research (Howard City) USDA LIC #34-B-0001
Kenneth Schroeder USDA LIC #41-B-0017 Wells, Minnesota
Mildred and Danny Schachtele, Middlefork Kennels (Salisbury) USDA LIC#43-B-0032
West Jersey Biological Services, Inc. (Wenonah)
Ray and Valerie Dolan, R & V Kennels (North Java)
Carolina Biological Supply Company (Burlington);USDA LIC 55-B-0010
Barbara Phillips, Pearcroft Cattery (Beaufort);
S. E. Lab Animal Farm, Inc. (Raleigh);
Simons, L.B.S. Biological, Inc. (Graham); USDA LIC #55-B-0107
John Wise, Carolina Kennel (Dunn);
John H. and Eva Wise, Hillside Kennel (Four Oaks)USDA LIC #55-B-0081
Andrea Ball, Kiser Lake Kennels (St. Paris)
Robert Perry USDA LIC# 31-B-0104 Mt. Sterling, Ohio
Henry Lee Cooper, C & C Kennels (Wewoka); USDA LIC UNDER SUSPENSION
James Hester, Anamerica, Inc. (Pryor);
Henry Lee Cooper, C&C Kennels (Wewoka)
Mike Kredovski, Biomedical Associates, Inc. (Friedensburg);
Bruce Rotz (Shippensburg)
Whale Branch Animal Services, Inc. 56-B-0109 Seabrook, South Carolina
Preston Cates, Jr. (Dunlap)
Source – Partial list from http://www.banpoundseizure.org/dealers.shtml and http://www.lcanimal.org/cmpgn/cmpgn_dog_theft.htm#axzz0YHukJTGE
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