Flea & Tick Monthly Topical and Oral Preventive Medication

Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff

Flea & Tick Protection Options for You While a number of flea and tick prevention options are available to pet owners today, the vast majority choose to protect their pets with monthly spot-on topicals, or with oral tablets. The tremendous popularity of these products is primarily due to their convenience and effectiveness. For example, a simple one-minute application of bioSpot SPOT ON for Dogs provides your dog with complete flea, tick, and mosquito protection for a full month. Following is a brief description of the topical and oral flea and tick preventives available. The popularity of topical products has much to do with their convenience and effectiveness. A simple one-minute application can provide your pet with the complete protection he needs for a full month. Following is a brief description of the various topical and oral products available to you.

K9 Advantix for Dogs
K9 Advantix for Dogs K9 Advantix , a relatively new innovation in flea and tick protection for dogs, combines imidacloprid plus permethrin for total once-a-month topical protection from fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes. In addition to killing flea larvae, K9 Advantix kills adult fleas before they can lay eggs, and stops them from biting within 5 minutes of application. K9 Advantix is also effective on ticks – repelling and killing up to 98.5% of them before they can attach. Mosquitoes are also no match for K9 Advantix; it repels and kills them before they can bite. This topical treatment, available for various sizes of dogs, is excellent for dogs who love to swim, and those who require frequent bathing – it resists water and can be effective up to six weeks. K9 Advantix is designed for dogs only, and SHOULD NEVER BE USED ON CATS.

Advantage for Dogs Advantage
Advantage is an excellent product to use in situations where the focus is on flea control alone. While it is not designed to kill ticks, Advantage kills adult fleas rapidly and also kills flea larvae in only 20 minutes, preventing them from developing and reproducing. Because Advantage is water-resistant, this is another good product for water dogs.

bioSpot SPOT ON for Dogs
bioSpot Spot On bioSpot SPOT ON for Dogs is an excellent spot-on flea and tick preventive that offers complete protection against all stages of the flea life cycle. In addition, bioSpot SPOT ON for Dogs effectively kills and repels ticks (carriers of Lyme disease), and also repels mosquitoes (potential carriers of Heartworm and West Nile Virus). What we like most about bioSpot SPOT ON – besides the fact that it provides such complete protection – is that it is significantly less expensive than other alternatives. This is one example where you get a lot more than you pay for.

Frontline Plus Frontline & Frontline Plus
Frontline and Frontline Plus are well-known, highly effective flea and tick preventives with a high margin of safety. Frontline kills ticks (carriers of Lyme disease) and adult fleas for a full month. Frontline Plus provides even more complete protection, since it also contains an insect growth regulator (IGR), which prevents flea eggs and larvae from developing. Both Frontline and Frontline Plus provide water-proof protection, making them the perfect choice for dogs that swim or are bathed frequently.

Program for DogsProgram
Unlike the other monthly products mentioned here, Program is an oral pill rather than a topical solution. Program is designed to prevent flea eggs and larvae from developing so it is often used with an adulticide like Frontline, which eliminates adult fleas. Program, by itself, will not kill adult fleas.

Capstar
Capstar is another oral flea product, fast acting, and starts killing adult fleas on your dog in 30 minutes. Available in tablet form, one dose lasts for only 24 hours and is especially useful in situations where pets are more likely to be exposed to fleas, such as in dog parks or at shows. May also be used prior to surgery, boarding, or grooming.

When to START and END flea prevention
The time to start your flea prevention program depends on where you live. In the Midwest and north, we recommend starting your pet on a prevention program in early March and stopping after the first hard frost. In warmer climates, such as in the South, use flea prevention year round. Talk to your veterinarian if you’re not sure if you should use flea prevention throughout the year.

Products such as flea and tick collars, shampoos, and sprays can be used with oral or topical solutions to ensure your pet, your home, and your yard remain flea and tick free. In areas where tick infestation is heavy, for instance, the Preventic Tick Collar can be used to protect your pet from transmission of tick-borne illnesses and flea infestations, or environmental products such as foggers, sprays and powders can be used to eliminate fleas and ticks indoors. Other products, like bioSpot Yard and Garden Spray, can be used to eliminate fleas outdoors where they live. Before using more than one flea and tick product on your pet speak with your veterinarian.

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